Coke is produced by the destructive distillation of metallurgical coal in either vertical (by-products recovery) or horizontal (non-recovery) batteries (most coke produced worldwide is in vertical batteries). Its main use is as a reductant for iron-making in the blast furnace. Various metallurgical and chemical processes also require coke's reducing properties. Foundry coke, with low ash (7-10%) and large sizing (>90mm), is used in cupola furnaces for the production of iron castings and stone wool insulation. Coke breeze is used in ore-sintering processes, as well as a sacrificial buffer in the manufacture of electrodes.
Anthracite is a low-volatile (<10%), high fixed carbon (>80%) coal used in industrial and other applications, as well as power generation (latter accounts for the major part of total anthracite demand by far). We primarily divide the anthracite market into applications needing sized lumps and those for fines (<10mm typically). Anthracite lumps can be used as a low-cost replacement to metallurgical coke in various industrial processes, as well as a household fuel. The main application for anthracite fines is as a fuel in ore sintering and pelletizing applications.
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Resource-Net was established more than ten years ago by Andrew Jones.
A graduate in metallurgy from the University of Sheffield (UK), Andrew Jones has more than 20 years' experience in commodity research and analysis. In addition to his metallurgical qualification, he holds an MSc in Multinational Commerce from Metropolitan College, Boston University.